The DOC “Carso – Kras” vines, that contribute to the production of the wines, are seven with a white berry and five with a red berry. Together they create thirteen types of wine and several “reserves”. The precious grapes harvested on the rows where the members of the Association operate, have a distinct personality. This is due, in accordance with the best traditions, to the efforts of talented winemakers, at the correct planting density, the reduction in yields, aging in various containers and difficult climatic conditions. The wines that fall under the DOC “Carso – Kras” are Chardonnay, Glera, Malvasia (from Istrian Malvasia), Pinot Grigio, Sauvignon, Traminer, Vitovska, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Refosco and Terrano.
The autochthonous vines
Vitovska is a white berry variety that has always been cultivated in the Province of Trieste and in areas of the neighbouring Slovenia. The origin of the name is uncertain, but probably the name of the grape variety is of Slovenian origin. Some claim that the origin of the name comes from the Slovenian word vitez (knight) or wine of the knight, or from the Slovenian word vitica (tendril).
Glera is a white berry variety that has always been cultivated in the Province of Trieste and the surrounding areas. It is a semi-aromatic variety. From the Glera grapes of the Province of Trieste the Prosekar wine is produced.
Malvasia is an aromatic, white berry grape that has many varieties. Of ancient Greek origins, it seems that the Malvasia cultivated in the DOC Carso – Kras has been imported from neighbouring Istria.
Terrano is a red berry variety and is part of the Refosco family. It should be clarified that the Refosco is the vine, while Terrano is the wine. The production is allowed only in some areas of the Provinces of Trieste and Gorizia and in some areas in neighbouring Slovenia.
Refosco is produced in the DOC “Carso – Kras” area and is a red berry variety. There are numerous varieties of Refosco in the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region and neighbouring territories. Its origin and name remain unknown.
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